A resume is a written summary of your skills, achievements, and,work experience.It is used to communicate to employers what you can do for them. There are many ways to write resumes, and different ideas about what should andshould not be included. This booklet will help you choose the format that most favorably presents your background as it relates to the kind of position you arecurrently seeking. Although it is important to have a good resume, it is also important to remember that a resume by itself will not get you a job.A resume is a supplement to the main focus of your job searchpersonal meetings with contacts and employers. Many job seekers initially reject this idea becausethey find it much more comfortable to mail out resumes and letters and sit backwaiting for results. This is usually not effective.
Why Do You Need a Resume?
1. A Self-Inventory.
The process of writing a resume helps you to assess your strengths and a ccomplishments and to focus your job search.
2. A Sales Brochure
A resume is intended to sell you to potential employers. For that reason, you wantto include only information that will make employers want to meet with you.
3. A Reminder after an Interview
It’s always best if you can wait to send a resume until after you’ve met with apotential employer. Then you can tailor your resume to the particular position.This resume can serve as a reminder of you after the interview. It can be shown toothers who did not have a chance to meet you.
4. A Screening Document for Agencies and Recruiters
The resume is necessary for working with agencies and recruiters because it givesthem a convenient summary of your background that can be forwarded to anemployer.
5. Answering Newspaper Ads
A resume and cover letter are usually used when answering newspaper job announcements.
What Kind of Position Are You Looking For?
Before you can write an effective resume, you need to know what kind of job you want. Otherwise, it can be like packing for a vacation without knowing where you’re going. How do you know what to put in the suitcase? With a specific job objective in mind, you’ll know what part of your background and experience to emphasize.
What Kind of Resume Should You Use?
1. Chronological. The chronological resume presents your work history and accomplishments inreverse chronological order. It contains job titles, employer names, and dates worked and describes what you did in each job. It is most suited for individuals who:
- Have a steady record of employment in an industry or functional area.
- Want to stay in the same line of work.
2. Functional. The functional resume emphasizes your skills or areas of functional expertise. Itoften does not include names of employers or dates. It is best suited for individuals who:
- Want to change careers.
- Want to return to a professional area they worked in earlier in their career.
- Have large time gaps in their work history.
- Have extensive accomplishments in volunteer work or hobbies.
3. The Combination. Chronological and functional elements can be combined in a single resume. Thiscan be a useful technique for individuals who:
- Want to emphasize their unique skills and accomplishments.
- Want to de-emphasize certain parts of their employment history.
Midlife and older workers with extensive work experience may find this format most versatile for their needs.