1. Contact Information
At the top of your resume you should clearly state your name, current address, and telephone number.
The objective is a clearstatement of the type of work for which you are looking. Its purpose is to answer the question, What kind of workare you seeking? If youhave a direct answer to that question,you can write a simple objective:
- Food Services
- Relations Manager
- Executive Secretary
- Chief Financial Officer
3. Resume Headline
If your objective ismore general, you can use a resume headlineor a resume summary.
Both state the type of jobyou are seeking in general terms. Asan example, insteadof writing “Office Manager,”you could state “General Office Management andSupervision” as your objective. Thisgives your resume greater flexibilitybecausejob titles vary fromcompany to company.
Other Sample Headlines:
- Administrative Support Specialist withbroad experience in projectcoordination, problem solving,communication, public relations, andsupervision.
- Financial Manager with extensiveexperience in cost accounting, financialreporting, budget development/reporting,forecasting, inventory analysis,establishment of accounting policies,procedures, and controls.
- General Management Executive witha wide range of accomplishments indeveloping and managing multiunitoutlets, including the development ofpeople, profits andresources in both existing and new markets.
- Home Maintenance Specialist with diverse background in plumbing, electricalwiring, painting, and appliance repair and significant expertise in kitchen andbathroom remodeling.
In addition to an objective, your resume can include a skills and experiencesummary. It should highlight your strengths, skills, knowledge, and achievementsrelated to your objective. You might also want to mention what you can bring tothe employer, e.g., developing and managing an effective sales organization.
You can label this section in various ways: Summary, Qualifications Summary, or Profile.
For example, one candidate interested in a position as an executive secretaryincluded the following profile:
Provided administrative and secretarial support for senior executives at OceanFront Properties.
Expertise lies in accuracy, excellent human relations and communication skills, andorganizational abilities.
- Word Perfect 5.1 (90 wpm)
- IBM Displaywriter
- IBM Wheelwriter III typewriter
- Sharp and Panasonic Facsimile machines
- Lanier dictaphone and transcription equipment
If you have had steady, long-term employment, you will want to include adocumentation of your work history.
In a resume, the description of each of your most recent positions should contain:
- Your job title
- Employer’s name
- Dates of employment (in years only)
If you have a very long career history, you may summarize earlier periods in your career,e.g.,
1934 – 1950 Positions of increasing responsibility from Salesman to RegionalSales Manager
You can also omit earlier periods of your work history entirely.
You may also include titles and datesof significant volunteer work experience without specifically labeling themas volunteer.
List your education inreverse chronological order, starting withyour highest degree.
You do not need to includethe dates of your degreeor your major if it does not relate toyour current objective. You do not need to list your year of graduation if you’re concerned about age discrimination.
If you attended college but didn’t graduate, you can list the college withoutstatingthe degree.
If your formal education ended withhigh school, you do not need to have an education section.
Be sure to list specialcourses, seminars, or workshops you have taken which relate to your job objective.
7. Additional Information
Other information may be included under additional headings, such as professional memberships or affiliations, publications, community activities, military service, etc.
Knowledge of foreign languages shouldbe included if they relate toy our job objective.
Don’t include personal information suchas birth date, height and weight, maritalstatus, number of children, etc.
8. Using your Resume in the Job Search
You may use your resume to answer newspaper ads and to contact agencies or recruiters. It is best, however, topresent it personally or leave it afteran interview. Then it has more meaning for the person receiving it, and he or she is much more likely to take some action vis-a-visyour situation.
Try never to send your resume ahead ofyou. Always leave one behind.
9. Letters of Reference
An unsolicited letter of reference attached to a resume is probably a waste of time. At the appropriate moment in the interview process, however, itcan be a usefultool. The best way to obtainan effective letter of reference is to help out the writer by providing a copy of your resume and perhaps samples of work you would like mentioned. The letter should attest to your specific job skills and accomplishments. If it is laudatory but nonspecific, many interviewers will disregard it.
A good letter might, for instance, give examples ofyour leadership skills: “Joanwas especially effective in putting together a project team to automate the office. She produced a plan which got people involved in equipment selection andtraining.” The letter should be based in fact so you don’t endup sounding toogood to be true.
How many letters will be useful dependson what you want confirmed. Documentation of skills in an area of prime concern toa prospective employer ismost important. Offer your letters of reference duringan interview to convince the interviewer that your resume can be supported by facts.